Yadlamalka Energy

Australia’s first dispatchable solar power plant

Invinity is creating Australia’s first dispatchable solar power plant with an 8 MWh Vanadium Flow Battery (VFB), coupled with a 6MWp solar array. Find out more in the case study below.

Delivering Australia’s First Dispatchable Solar Power Plant

Yadlamalka, South Australia will play host to one of the world’s largest solar-powered vanadium flow batteries (VFB) as part of an innovative $20m AUD project which will see an 8 MWh Invinity VFB combined with 6 MWp of solar panels to unlock low-cost, low-emission energy for the Australian Grid, producing approximately 10 GWh of dispatchable solar power each year.

The Yadlamalka Energy Project is the brainchild of South Australian entrepreneur and landowner, Andrew Doman and is being developed by the Yadlamalka Energy Trust.

Located in rural South Australia, the project nestles near the Flinders Ranges, in the Australian Outback.

Accelerating the Australian Energy Transition

Australia’s rapid uptake of renewable energy in recent years has driven the need for investment in flexible energy storage technologies to manage the variable output from those generation sources. The Yadlamalka Energy project provides a glimpse into the future of electricity grids in Australia and around the world. It has been supported by ARENA, the Australian Renewable Energy Agency, with a significant grant of $5.7m AUD.

Wholesale energy pricing in South Australia, like other markets which have a high penetration of renewables, has a distinctive shape characterised by low (even negative) energy prices in the middle of the day, with two distinct price spikes occurring around sunrise and sunset.

Figure: Weighted average NEM prices in South Australia.

This characteristic shape is caused by large amounts of low-cost solar power coming online during daylight hours creating oversupply in the market. When the sun goes down, this low-cost capacity drops off rapidly, leading to undersupply whilst conventional generation ramps up to fill the shortfall. Due to its distinctive shape, this market behaviour is often referred to as the solar ‘duck’ curve.

De-risking Utility-Scale Solar Projects with Flow Batteries

The solar duck curve raises an important point for Solar developers and project owners and is a key motivation for the Yadlamalka Energy Project. Solar-only projects can only output during daylight hours and are therefore exposed to risk from lower prices as their revenues are cannibalised by other solar-only projects in the area exporting power at the same time.

Flow batteries provide the answer to overcoming this risk for developers and asset owners. By storing energy when market prices are low during the day, and discharging into the evening and morning peaks, asset owners can maximise their returns and derisk revenues relative to solar-only projects.

‘Stacking’ Cycles for Maximum Project Returns

As flow batteries do not suffer from degradation like lithium-ion technology, they can be used constantly throughout the day, charging and discharging for a range of services. The Yadlamalka Energy project will utilise the flow battery to perform 3 different revenue-producing services.

These multiple cycles can be ‘stacked’ together throughout the day to provide maximum flexibility and maximum return for the project owners. The flow battery operating philosophy is demonstrated below.

This operating strategy maximises throughput on the flow battery, which is charging and discharging almost constantly over any given 24 hours. Returns are generated from 3 distinct applications:

Morning price arbitrage – storing low-cost energy from the grid overnight, discharging into the morning price peak.

Solar shifting – storing excess solar generation during the daytime when prevailing market prices are low and discharging into the evening price peak.

Frequency Control Ancillary Services (FCAS) – performing frequency control services for the local grid

Interested in Finding Out More?

If you’re a utility, developer, EPC, or financier please contact our commercial team to discuss the details of your project. We work with you to develop a robust business case and financial model.